Autonomous Staircase Climbing Robot
A robot is a virtual or mechanical artificial agent in practice, it is usually an electro-mechanical machine which
is guided by computer or electronic programming, and is thus able to do tasks on its own. Another common characteristic is
that by its appearance or movements, a robot often conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own. Robots are
programmed either by guiding or by off-line programming. Most industrial robots are programmed by the former method.
With off-line programming, the points of an operation are defined through computer commands. An important area of
research is the development of off-line programming that makes use of higher-level languages, in which robotic actions are
defined by tasks or objectives. Robots may be programmed to move through a specified continuous path instead of from
point to point. Continuous path control is necessary for operations such as spray painting or arc welding a curved joint.
Programming also requires that a robot be synchronized with the automated machine tools or other robots with which it is
working. Thus robot control systems are generally interfaced with a more centralized control system. The role of the path
planner is to determine a trajectory in order to reach the destination while avoiding obstacles and without getting stuck.
Typically they can overcome obstacle smaller their wheel size. This report presents the different wheel design to climb the
stairs smaller than the designed wheel size. The wheels have 4 dc motors with high torque to climb the stairs sufficiently.
Keywords— Electro-Mechanical Machine, Movements, Guiding, Off-line Programming, Control System.